Archive | Reading


Decoding Vowels

The vowels are ‘a’, ‘e’, ‘i’, ‘u’ and sometimes ‘y’ acts as a vowel (‘y’ acts as a vowel when it sounds like a vowel – sunny, sky, pyramid).  A short vowel is the basic common sound given to each of the vowels: /a/-apple, /e/-egg, /i/-insect, /o/-octopus, /u/-umbrella. However, each of these letters can also […]

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Help! My Child Can’t Read!

When your child is struggling with reading and spelling it is difficult to know which of the myriad of programs that are available would be the most beneficial. To help make this decision, I believe it is worthwhile looking at the research and using this as the starting point. The first question you need to […]

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Learning ‘Sight Words’

Firstly and most importantly, there is no such thing as a sight word.  The term ‘sight words’ is frequently confused with ‘high frequency words’.   High frequency words are the words which most commonly occur in print (e.g, was, here, they).  A sight word is one that can be rapidly and automatically recognised and the reality […]

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Vocabulary & Comprehension

Vocabulary Instruction

  Numerous studies have identified a correlation between vocabulary and comprehension, whereby the larger a student’s vocabulary, the better their comprehension. The question then is: How do we improve a student’s vocabulary? Wright and Cervetii (2016) systematically reviewed the research pertaining to vocabulary intervention and comprehension outcomes. They identified four major findings: Teaching the meaning […]

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brain connections

Importance of Working Memory

Reading comprehension depends firstly on our ability to decode the words on the page, and then to make sense of each individual word and groups of words joined into sentences, and then to make connections between groups of sentences. This requires you being able to quickly and accurately retrieve information from your long-term memory and […]

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